Reconstructive Facial Surgery
Reconstructive facial surgery is possible following trauma, cancer removal, facial paralysis and for congenital deformities. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgeons have specialized training to maximize cosmetic and functional outcomes after surgery.
Facial skin cancers and the removal of head and neck malignancies are the most common reason patients undergo reconstructive facial surgery. Cancers involving the nose, ear, lip and the remainder of the facial skin and skeleton are frequently encountered. Measures such as skin grafting, flaps and grafts are commonly employed to facilitate patient recovery and cosmesis.
Facial paralysis management has advanced significantly in recent years. Facial plastic surgeons are on the forefront of this and offer procedures such as botox, fillers, eyelid and aging face surgery and dynamic reconstructive measures to recreate a patients smile, reduce facial spasm and to enhance facial symmetry.
Congenital deformities (present at birth) such as cleft lip/palate, ear deformities and nasal abnormalites can be corrected with reconstructive facial surgery. Cleft surgery generally takes place in the first two years of life, however, the nasal deformities that accompany this may require multiple operations to reestablish ideal nasal breathing and shape.
Lastly, facial trauma such as soft tissue injuries, burns and facial/nasal fractures continue to be commonplace in North America. Fractures of the facial skeleton are often reduced and plated to improve facial contour while at the same time reducing visual and chewing issues following an accident. Scar revision may be used as well to increase scar camoflauge. Microsurgery is sometimes used to reconstruct damaged facial nerves or blood vessels.